P&N spade bits are generally used for making holes in objects made of wood and also used for drilling and boring in wood. Use of these bits tends to produce splintering as they emerge from a piece of work they are applied on. Woodworkers try to avoid such splintering by finishing off the hole and smoothing it out from the opposite side of the wood piece. Spade bits are generally flat in shape with a centering piece and two sharp cutters. Sometimes these cutters are additionally equipped with spurs just to ensure that the hole drilled out is much cleaner and better. The shank diameters of the bits are relatively smaller than the boring diameters. The P&N spade bits often have the flats on the shank in order to keep bits from slipping in drill chucks. However, there are some bits, which are especially made with long shanks and have relatively small holes that are drilled across the flat part. Such spade bits are more likely to be used as bell-hanger bits. Spade bits are often referred to as addle bits and are meant to be used at intense speed. Because of this, they are generally used with electric hand drills.
Useful tips to consider while using P&N spade bits
You might get different sizes of holes with the help of different spade bits. To get a large hole or a small one, the type of spade bit to be used should be chosen wisely. You might need a 1-inch hole or more drills into the piece of work. P&N spade bits are easy to choose and identify as they have sharp, edgy points right in the center and have large paddles just above itself, which give them a distinct look.
Below are A Few Tips, Which Can Be Considered While Using Spade Bits:
- The first step is to drill a small hole in ahead of the actual hole that is to be made on the workpiece. One can consider using a 1/8 inch P&N spade bit drill to get ahead with the pilot hole on the material you desire to get the whole on and on the exact point where you want the hole to be. It is advised to be very careful and attentive while drilling the pilot hole on the material as it is the base where the actual hole is to be made.
- After drilling the pilot hole, you are ready to use the P&N spade bit to drill out the actual hole. By lining up to the point of the spade drill bit, you can drill the actual hole in the material itself. It is important to make sure that the drill is held perpendicular while drilling the hole.
- It is advised to begin slowly while drilling initially. This is because it is crucial to ensure a good and firm grip while drilling in the beginning, so that the spade bit is able to grab hold of the wood and then increase the speed gradually as the P&N spade bit starts to bite into the wood or the respective material.
- Once the drill has a firm grip and control over the material, you are good to go and continue with the drilling until the hole is drilled out completely. To ensure proper control, it is important to keep the drill perpendicular and drill at a steady speed so the hole is drilled out clean.
Thus, this was about the P&N spade bits in a gist.